I told you all back then and I’ll keep saying it.. The issue was never about nationalization as in making it for the people, initially I thought it was just to get to slip a backdoor into the Constitution to give the politicians in Government all power but it seems it goes way beyond that. Doing research for my article about the CARICOM Union that we are heading into, I stumbled on this and you have to know about it. To fully understand this you will have to read the CARICOM article.
Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU)
The Caribbean Telecommunications Union was established by the Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community in 1989 in Nassau, The Bahamas.
The Organization, established its Headquarters in Barbados, on agreement with that Government in 1990, but relocated to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, where it continues to function in accordance with the terms of a Headquarters Agreement, dated April 8, 1993.
The Union enjoys, in its member constituencies, full legal personality and capacity to contract, acquire and dispose of real and personal property and to be party to legal proceedings. It also enjoys immunities and privileges accorded to diplomatic and international organizations of equal status.
The objectives of the Union shall be:-
- To facilitate the coordination of the planning, programming and development of intra regional and international communications networks to meet the immediate and future telecommunications needs of the Region.
- To assist the development of the national components of regional and international telecommunications networks.
- To promote the general awareness of the telecommunications needs of the Caribbean Region and its potential for promoting the socio-economic development of the Region.
- To encourage the exchange of information, views and ideas between the telecommunications administrations of Members.
- To foster coordination within the Caribbean Region of technical standards and routing plans for intraregional and international traffic.
- To seek the adoption of efficient operating methods in national, regional and international telecommunications services.
- To harmonize as far as possible the positions of Members in preparation for international and regional telecommunications conferences and other meetings.
- To encourage and assist members in the establishment and development of telecommunications industries.
- To encourage the transfer of technology in the field of telecommunications among Members.
- To establish linkages with the information bases of other telecommunications organisations and, in particular, the Centre for Telecommunications Development at the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) in Geneva.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- The Bahamas
- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- The Commonwealth of Dominica
- The Cooperative Republic of Guyana
- Saint Kitts/Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Turks and Caicos
- Trinidad and Tobago
13-14 August 2012: DBSF 2012, a forum in collaboration with the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation, the Commonwealth Broadcasters Association and the Caribbean Broadcasters Union to involve regional broadcasters in transition planning and foster harmonisation of technical and business approaches to switchover and allocation of relevant spectrum. This forum developed a checklist of relevant issues to be addressed, noted that broadcasters were struggling to make their business cases to justify switchover and identified a need for research papers and business model evaluations to guide decision-making among regional broadcasters.
This fifth meeting on the issue is intended to consolidate the outcomes and outstanding matters of the previous four meetings, discuss and identify common and divergent positions among regional stakeholders and begin drafting the policy framework around which Caribbean approaches might be harmonised.
NOTICE that the common word that keeps coming up in both items is HARMONIZE. In essence, UNIFICATION.
Doesn’t this make you think?
- Why take over BTL?
- Why force everyone to register their SIM-Cards?
- Why all the equipment to spy? (Oh you know it’s true, you’ve seen the truck(s) with the antennae.)
- How come accounts are continually being compromised? (You’ve read the news and heard the boasting in the House of Representatives about getting into the email accounts of other politicians.)
American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)
ARIN manages the distribution of Internet number resources (IPv4 and IPv6 address space and Autonomous System Numbers) in Canada, many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands, and the United States. ARIN is one of five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) in the world. Like the other RIRs, ARIN provides services related to the technical coordination and management of Internet number resources, facilitates policy development, participates in the international Internet community, is a nonprofit and is a community-based organization governed by a member-elected executive board.
Canadian International Development Agency
The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is Canada’s lead agency for development assistance. It has a mandate to support sustainable development in developing countries in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable, and prosperous world.
Congress WBN – Ethical Initiatives for Global Development
Congress WBN (C-WBN) is a synergy of global initiatives focused on effecting human, social and national transformation through the propagation of values-based development principles, patterns and approaches. It is comprised of Sectors of strategic operations involving networks of professional groups, educational institutions, businesses, churches, individual national leaders and university students. C-WBN operates through every continent and in over 75 nations.
Capacity Caribbean 2013
The most important C-level event for the wholesale Caribbean carrier community
The 7th annual Capacity Caribbean will be moving to the new, dynamic market of Curaçao for the first time in 2013. After extensive post-event analysis, 74% of our customers voted for Capacity Caribbean 2013 to come to Curaçao due to the recent surge in market activity, liberalisation and new revenue opportunities for international operators coming from the region. As ever this seminal conference is committed to exploring and developing those all-important contacts and regional market insights key to growing your wholesale profits in the Caribbean.
The networking opportunities at Capacity Caribbean are unparalleled for the regional wholesale community. Last year the event brought together 220 key decision-makers providing an optimal opportunity to network with the leading-executives in the Caribbean wholesale industry, conduct business meetings with both new and existing clients and gain an insight into the latest industry trends. Combined with our prestigious line-up of industry-leading speakers and ground-breaking agenda mean that Capacity Caribbean 2013 is an event not to be missed.
For more information please go here
International Telecommunication Union
Every time someone, somewhere, picks up a telephone and dials a number, answers a call on a mobile phone, sends a fax or receives an e-mail, takes a plane or a ship, listens to the radio, watches a favourite television programme or helps a small child master the latest radio-controlled toy, they benefit from the work of the International Telecommunication Union.
Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL)
CITEL, an entity of the Organization of American States, is the main forum in the hemisphere in which the governments and the private sector meet to coordinate regional efforts to develop the Global Information Society according to the mandates of the General Assembly of the Organization and the mandates entrusted to it by Heads of State and Government at the Summits of the Americas.
Internet Address Registry for Latin America and the Caribbean (LACNIC)
LACNIC, the Internet Address Registry for Latin America and the Caribbean, is the organization responsible for allocating and administrating IP Addresses and other related resources (Autonomous System Numbers and Reverse Resolution) for the region of Latin America and the Caribbean. It is one of the five Regional Internet Registries that exist worldwide.
The Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation
The Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation (CTO) is an international organisation based in London and established through a Headquarters Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is the oldest and largest Commonwealth organisation engaged in multilateral collaboration in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), and uses its experience and expertise to support its members in integrating ICTs to deliver effective development interventions that enrich, empower, and emancipate people within the Commonwealth and beyond.
THE ORIGINAL TREATY
The Treaty of Chaguaramas which established the Caribbean Community including the Caribbean Common Market was signed by Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago on 4th July, 1973, in Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago. It came into effect on 1 August 1973.
The Caribbean Community and the Caribbean Common Market replaced the Caribbean Free Trade Association which ceased to exist on 1st May 1974.
The Treaty of Chaguaramas was juridical hybrid consisting of the Caribbean Community as a separate legal entity from the Common Market which had its own discrete legal personality.
Indeed, the legal separation of these two institutions was emphasised by the elaboration of two discrete legal instruments: the Treaty establishing the Caribbean Community and the Agreement establishing the Common Market (which was later annexed to the Treaty and designated the Common Market Annex). This institutional arrangement facilitated States joining the Community without being parties to the Common Market regime.
In addition to economic issues, the Community instrument addressed issues of foreign policy coordination and functional cooperation. Issues of economic integration, particularly those related to trade arrangements, were addressed in the Common Market Annex.
Because of this juridically separate identity of the regional common market, it was possible for the Bahamas to become a member of the Community in 1983 without joining the Common Market.
International Telecommunication Union
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), originally founded as the International Telegraph Union, is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. The ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world, and assists in the development and coordination of worldwide technical standards.
The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks.
ITU, based in Geneva, Switzerland, is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its membership includes 193 Member States and around 700 Sector Members and Associates.
Information Regarding Belize in the ITU
Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology and Public Utilities
1st Floor East Block Building
Tel +501 8223336
Tel +501 8222107
Fax +501 8220433
Email [hidden as of 31.5.2013]
H.E. Ms Joy Grant, Minister
Dr Colin Young, Chief Executive Officer
ADMIN / REGULATOR
Public Utilities Commission (PUC)
41 Gabourel Lane
P.O. Box 300
Tel +501 2234938
Tel +501 2236820
Fax +501 2236818
Fax +501 2236825
Email [hidden as of 31.5.2013]
Mr John Avery, Chairman
(Email [hidden as of 31.5.2013])
Office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Finance
Sir Edney Cain Building
Tel +501 8222345
Tel +501 8222346
Fax +501 8220071
H.E. Mr Dean Barrow, Prime Minister and Minister of Finance
Mr James Murphy, Secretary to the Cabinet
Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations in New York
675 Third Avenue, Suite 1911
NEW YORK, N.Y. 10017
Tel +1 212 9861240
Fax +1 212 5930932
Email [hidden as of 31.5.2013]
Email [hidden as of 31.5.2013]
H.E. Mrs Janine Elizabeth Coye-Felson, Ambassador, Deputy Permanent Representative
(Email [hidden as of 31.5.2013])
This term is part of Newtorking. Basically, it is a way that any device is assigned a unique ID#, much like the MAC address on your computer or phone that allows for tracking and identifying the owner.
Addressability is the capacity for an entity to be targeted and found. To be addressable, an entity must be uniquely identifiable, which means that it must be associated with something — typically an alphanumeric string, although there are other possibilities — that is not associated with anything else that exists within that system.
A URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) is a unique identifier that makes content addressable on the Internet by uniquely targeting items, such as text, video, images and applications. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a particular type of URI that targets Web pages so that when a browser requests them, they can be found and served to users.
Addressability is an increasing trend: more and more things can be assigned unique identifiers, and if something has a unique identifier, it can be tagged, assigned a URI and targeted over a network. That capacity paves the way for the Internet of Things (IoT), a scenario in which everything — including people, animals, servers, applications, shampoo bottles, cars, steering wheels, coffee machines, park benches or just about any other random item that comes to mind.– has a unique identifier and the ability to communicate over the Internet or a similar wide-area network (WAN).
unique identifier (UID)
Think of this in the sense of your username on Facebook or your email address.
A unique identifier (UID) is a numeric or alphanumeric string that is associated with a single entity within a given system. UIDs make it possible to address that entity, so that it can be accessed and interacted with.
Here are a few examples of UIDs:
- A Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is a unique identifier that makes content addressable on the Internet by uniquely targeting items, such as text, video, images and applications.
- A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a particular type of URI that targets Web pages so that when a browser requests them, they can be found and served to users.
- A Universal Unique Identifier (UUID) is a 128-bit number used to uniquely identify some object or entity on the Internet.
- A global unique identifier (GUID) is a number that Microsoft programming generates to create a unique identity for an entity such as a Word document.
- A bank identifier code (BIC) is a unique identifier for a specific financial institution.
- A unique device identifier (UDID) is a 40-character string assigned to certain Apple devices including the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch.
- A service set identifier (SSID) is a sequence of characters that uniquely names a wireless local area network (WLAN).
- A national provider identifier (NPI) is a unique ten-digit identification number required by HIPAA for all health care providers in the United States.
Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to automatically transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) and the Internet.
A thing, in the Internet of Things, can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low — or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network. So far, the Internet of Things has been most closely associated with machine-to-machine (M2M) communication in manufacturing and power, oil and gas utilities. Products built with M2M communication capabilities are often referred to as being smart.
IPv6’s huge increase in address space is an important factor in the development of the Internet of Things. According to Steve Leibson, who identifies himself as “occasional docent at the Computer History Museum,” the address space expansion means that we could “assign an IPV6 address to every atom on the surface of the earth, and still have enough addresses left to do another 100+ earths.” In other words, humans could easily assign an IP address to every “thing” on the planet. An increase in the number of smart nodes, as well as the amount of upstream data the nodes generate, is expected to raise new concerns about data privacy, data sovereignty and security.
Although the concept wasn’t named until 1999, the Internet of Things has been in development for decades. The first Internet appliance, for example, was a Coke machine at Carnegie Melon University in the early 1980s. The programmers could connect to the machine over the Internet, check the status of the machine and determine whether or not there would be a cold drink awaiting them, should they decide to make the trip down to the machine.
Kevin Ashton, cofounder and executive director of the Auto-ID Center at MIT, first mentioned the Internet of Things in a presentation he made to Procter & Gamble. Here’s how Ashton explains the potential of the Internet of Things:
“Today computers — and, therefore, the Internet — are almost wholly dependent on human beings for information. Nearly all of the roughly 50 petabytes (a petabyte is 1,024 terabytes) of data available on the Internet were first captured and created by human beings by typing, pressing a record button, taking a digital picture or scanning a bar code.
The problem is, people have limited time, attention and accuracy — all of which means they are not very good at capturing data about things in the real world. If we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things — using data they gathered without any help from us — we would be able to track and count everything and greatly reduce waste, loss and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling and whether they were fresh or past their best.”
Today, however, Russia, China and their allies within the 193 member states of the ITU want to renegotiate the 1988 treaty to expand its reach into previously unregulated areas. Reading even a partial list of proposals that could be codified into international law next December at a conference in Dubai is chilling:
Subject cyber security and data privacy to international control;
Allow foreign phone companies to charge fees for “international” Internet traffic, perhaps even on a “per-click” basis for certain Web destinations, with the goal of generating revenue for state-owned phone companies and government treasuries;
Establish for the first time ITU dominion over important functions of multi-stakeholder Internet governance entities such as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, the nonprofit entity that coordinates the .com and .org Web addresses of the world;
The phone companies say there are as just under three hundred thousand prepaid cellular phones in Belize, and of that, only a very small number are registered. In fact, if you’re the owner of a pre-paid phone you might not even know what registration means – and you also might not know that it is – and has been – the law to register your phone. Now, the government says it is ready to start enforcing section 44 of the Telecommunications Act 2002; a piece of legislation passed almost ten years ago which requires the registration of cellular phones. The registration is mandatory, and cellular users will be given six months, starting October 11th in which to register their cell phones or face disconnection.
Long lines could be seen at BTL and Smart offices across the country yesterday. Word was out that the deadline for registration of pre-paid cell numbers had arrived. Julian Cruz visited the respective offices here in Belmopan and filed this report. BTL and Smart.