For the most part, zombies are:
- Newly dead corpses reanimated by radiation, chemicals, viruses, sorcery or acts of God
- Human, although some depictions include zombie animals
- Very strong, but not very fast or agile
- Impervious to pain and able to function after sustaining extreme physical damage
- Invulnerable to injury, except for decapitation or destruction of the brain
- Relentlessly driven to kill and eat
- Afraid of fire and bright lights
So while doing some reading online I stumbled across these…
Haitian Zombie Powder
Zombies are common in Haitian stories and folklore. Researchers studying Haitian culture have related countless tales of bodies brought back to life by bokor, or sorcerers. These zombies are mindless slaves. Even after documenting numerous stories and rumors, researchers found little solid evidence to explain or prove the phenomenon. In 1980, a man appeared in a rural Haitian village. He claimed to be Clairvius Narcisse, who had died in Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Deschapelles, Haiti on May 2, 1962. Narcisse described being conscious but paralyzed during his presumed death — he had even seen the doctor cover his face with a sheet. Narcisse claimed that a bokor had resurrected him and made him a zombie. Narcisse answered questions about his family and childhood that not even a close friend could have known. Eventually, his family and many outside observers agreed that he was a zombie returned to life. Narcisse was the impetus for the Zombie Project — a study into the origins of zombies conducted in Haiti between 1982 and 1984. During that time, ethnobotanist and anthropologist Dr. Wade Davis traveled through Haiti in the hopes of discovering what causes Haitian zombies.
Drug Turns Crime Victims Into Zombies
BOGOTA, Colombia (Reuters) – The last thing Andrea Fernandez recalls before being drugged is holding her newborn baby on a Bogota city bus.
Police found her three days later, muttering to herself and wandering topless along the median strip of a busy highway. Her face was badly beaten and her son was gone.
Fernandez is just one of hundreds of victims every month who, according to Colombian hospitals, are temporarily turned into zombies by a home-grown drug called scopolamine which has been embraced by thieves and rapists.
“When I woke up in the hospital, I asked for my baby and nobody said anything. They just looked at me,” Fernandez said, weeping. Police believe her son Diego was taken by a gang which traffics in infants.
Colorless, odorless and tasteless, scopolamine is slipped into drinks and sprinkled onto food. Victims become so docile that they have been known to help thieves rob their homes and empty their bank accounts. Women have been drugged repeatedly over days and gang-raped or rented out as prostitutes.
In the case of Fernandez, the mother of three was rendered submissive enough to surrender her youngest child.
Most troubling for police is the way the drug acts on the brain. Since scopolamine completely blocks the formation of memories, unlike most date-rape drugs used in the United States and elsewhere, it is usually impossible for victims to ever identify their aggressors.
“When a patient (of U.S. date-rape drugs) is under hypnosis, he or she usually recalls what happened. But with scopolamine, this isn’t possible because the memory was never recorded,” said Dr. Camilo Uribe, the world’s leading expert on the drug.
Scopolamine has a long, dark history in Colombia dating back to before the Spanish conquest.
Legend has it that Colombian Indian tribes used the drug to bury alive the wives and slaves of fallen chiefs, so that they would quietly accompany their masters into the afterworld.
Nazi “angel of death” Joseph Mengele experimented on scopolamine as an interrogation drug. And scopolamine’s sedative and amnesia-producing qualities were used by mothers in the early 20th century to help them through childbirth.
Finding the drug in Colombia these days is not hard.
The tree which naturally produces scopolamine grows wild around the capital and is so famous in the countryside that mothers warn their children not to fall asleep below its yellow and white flowers. The tree is popularly known as the “borrachero,” or “get-you-drunk,” and the pollen alone is said to conjure up strange dreams.
“We probably should put some sort of fence up,” jokes biologist Gustavo Morales at Bogota’s botanical gardens, eyeing children playing with borrachero seeds everywhere.
“If you ate a few of those, it would kill you.”
Although scopolamine can be easily extracted from the seeds, experienced criminals hardly ever bother with them, police say.
Pure, cheap scopolamine is brought across the border from neighboring Ecuador, where the borrachero tree is harvested for medical purposes, Uribe said. The alkaloid is used legally in medicines across the world to treat everything from motion sickness to the tremors of Parkinson’s disease.
The use of scopolamine by criminals appears to be confined to Colombia, at least for now, and it’s not clear why the drug is such a rampant problem in Colombia. Some analysts blame it on a culture of crime in the Andean nation, home to the world’s largest kidnapping and cocaine industries, not to mention Latin America’s longest-running guerrilla war.
There are so many scopolamine cases that they usually don’t make the news unless particularly bizarre. One such incident involved three young Bogota women who preyed on men by smearing the drug on their breasts and luring their victims to take a lick.
Losing all willpower, the men readily gave up their bank access codes. The breast-temptress thieves then held them hostage for days while draining their accounts.
The U.S. Embassy in Bogota takes scopolamine very seriously and offers staff tips on how avoid being drugged. One piece of advice may seem obvious: Don’t let your drinks out of your sight when at a Bogota bar or nightclub.
Still, at least three visiting U.S. government employees here have been drugged and robbed over the past two years. Other American victims from time to time appear at the embassy seeking help, still shaking off a scopolamine hangover.
“I remember one case, an American reported being drugged,” an embassy official said. “He says to his doorman ‘Why did you let them walk out with my stuff.’ The doorman says, ‘Because you told me to.‘
Colombian drug strips users’ free will
- Journalist heads to Colombia to learn about drug, originally intending to try it
- Tone of story quickly changes upon hearing “unimaginable horror stories”
- Mere mention of the drug strikes “startling,” “palpable” fear in locals
Scopolamine, or Burundanga: The Devil’s Breath
- VBS.TV has a special feature on scopolamine, a Colombian drug purported to strip the user of his or her free will. Scopolamine (or burundanga, “the devil’s breath”) apparently leaves the victim fully conscious and functional, but also totally open to suggestion.
- Scopolamine is used not only as a date-rape drug, but also as an aid for robbers. Prostitutes will slip it to unsuspecting customers, and burglars will use it to help homeowners empty their own homes of valuables.
- Vice staffers went to Bogota to investigate Scopolamine, but the tone of their journey changed from “let’s try the new exotic drug” to “this is really terrifying” as they interview victims of the drug and criminals who have used it to commit crimes.
- Says one prostitute who admits to using the drug to rob johns, “Just as we use the drug to rob men, men use it to rape us. Everything about scopolamine has to do with hurting people.”
- Scopolamine is made from the fruit of the Borrachero tree, whose flowers are narcotic. Locals use the tree’s flowers in tea as a hallucinogen, but the fruit must be chemically processed to create scopolamine.
Watch the video here
Nzambi – Hamilton’s Pharmacopeia
Watch the video here
Whether featuring traditional, shambling zombies or a newer, smarter breed, most movies and games agree on how to survive a zombie attack:
- Don’t panic.
- Get away from the zombies. Most of the time, you can move faster than they can.
- Gather food, water, an emergency radio, flashlights and weapons, and retreat to a secure location.
- If possible, retreat to a shopping mall, general retail store or other location where you’ll have easy access to food and supplies.
- Stay away from densely populated areas, where the infestation is likely to be heaviest.
- Barricade all entrances and stay put at all costs.
- Don’t get surrounded or backed into a corner or other enclosed space.
- Remember that anyone bitten or killed by a zombie will become a threat to you and your party.
- Wait patiently for rescue and make long-term preparations for your survival.
Also, avoid common mistakes like:
- Sheltering in a vehicle to which you do not have the keys
- Leaving blades, cudgels or other basic weapons out for zombies to find
- Teaching zombies how to use firearms
- Giving your only weapon to anyone who is hysterical
- Retreating to a basement or cellar without taking supplies with you
- Getting into an elevator in a building infested with zombies
- Letting personal feelings and arguments get in the way of survival
- The Zombie Drug (lewrockwell.com)
- Burundanga Republic | Nick Olle | Global Mail | 09 March 2012 (theglobalmail.org)
- Scopolamine: Powerful drug growing in the forests of Colombia that ELIMINATES free will (talesfromthelou.wordpress.com)
- World’s Scariest Drug (milkandcookies.com)
- The Most Terrifying Drug In The World (gizmodo.com.au)
- Health & Toxins – Devil’s Breath – Scopolamine (disclose.tv)
- ‘Devil’s Breath’ Drug Scopolamine Used By NASA and CIA (ibtimes.com)
- “The World’s Scariest Drug” (andrewsullivan.thedailybeast.com)
- Zombie’s and Scopolamine. (maddmedic.wordpress.com)