Government, Issues, Nationality, Patriotism, Politics, Rights

The Referendum Act of Belize

What are the Laws Governing the Referendum Act?

The Referendum Act No. 2 of 1999 was signed on February 25, 1999 to provide rules for the conduct of a referendum.

Why a Referendum?

Three reasons for the conduct of a Referendum in Belize are:

  1. Concerns of “sufficient” national importance
  2. Change to Chapter II of the Belize Constitution which affects the guaranteed fundamental rights and freedom
  3. Any proposed settlement with Guatemala for resolving the Belize/Guatemala dispute


  1. The National Assembly passes a resolution in the case of (2) and (3) above, OR
  2. Request made by the Prime Minister where a law provides for holding of a Referendum on a specific issue
  3. Within 30 days of making the request or the passing of a resolution, the Governor General is to issue a Writ of Referendum
  4. Date for holding of the Referendum to be not less than 30 days after the issue of the Writ
  5. The Writ indicates where the Referendum is to take place

What is a Writ?

  • It is a formal written command issued by a court or ruling authority to act or refrain from acting in a certain way.

Who Can Vote in a Referendum?

Where the Referendum is held in the country of Belize:

  • All those duly registered electors who are qualified to vote for the election of members of the House of Representatives, at the date of the holding of the Referendum

Where the Referendum is held only in an area of Belize:

  • All those duly registered electors in that area

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